1) Mention what is CNA?
A CNA stands for certified nursing assistant. It is a person who has received training to help patients under the close supervision of a licensed practical nurse or a registered nurse.
2) Mention how to become a qualified CNA?
To become a qualified CNA,
3) Mention what are the job responsibilities of a CNA Nurse?
Job responsibility of a CNA nurse include,
4) Mention what are the common challenges a CNA may face?
A common challenges a CNA may face include,
5) How you deal with a patient who is aggressive and resist for medication?
To deal with patient who is aggressive and resist for medication my first approach would be,
6) You will have several patients to take care of? How do you prioritize which one you attend to first?
I would assess the list and organize them in order of urgency as per their medical needs.
7) What are all places a CNA can work?
A CNA can work at following places,
By federal law, CNA are mandatory at Nursing Homes.
8) Mention medical skills a CNA must possess?
A CNA must not require a highly sophisticated medical skills, but they should know in emergency, what to do like
9) Give details about the CNA licensing exam?
The CNA licensing exam is taken in two segments,
10) Mention what is the difference between CNA and Nursing assistant?
The difference between CNA and Nursing assistant is that CNA tends to provide bedside care to senescent patients. While medical assistants assist more with procedural or administrative preparation and housekeeping.
11) Mention what are the software a CNA will be using during their tenure?
12) Mention what are the medical apparatus a CNA will be using?
13) Mention what are the opportunities a CNA may have?
After few years of experience as CNA, he/she can advance in following fields
14) What are legal guidelines CNA must be aware of?
Laws are passed by local, state and federal governments. When CNA disobey a law, he is liable for fines, loss of certification and/or imprisonment. To avoid legal issues, CNA must avoid following things,
15) Give 1-2 example for negligence CNA can do?
Example of negligence include,
16) When your CNA license is liable for inactivation?
Your CNA license is liable for inactivation if you do not work for at least eight (8) hours, for pay, in the provision of nursing services with two (2) or more years break.
17) What is your five-year plan as a CNA?
As a CNA mention a plan like pursuing a bachelor degree in nursing or some advanced course related to CNA. This shows that you aspire for RN (registered nurse).
18) Mention what you do if you notice a doctor or nurse not doing their job?
When you see a doctor or nurse not doing their job, you should follow protocol and report the person through the proper channels.
19) What all things CNA needs to take care while transferring a patient from bed?
While transferring patient from bed, CNA must crosscheck following things,
(1 caregiver) -or- powered standing assist lift (1 caregiver)
20) While doing a lateral side transfer for patient having different weights what will be your approach?
For lateral side transfer for patient having different weights, say for
21) Mention what all lateral sliding aid you can use to transfer the patient to bed?
Lateral sliding aid you can use to move patient are,
22) Mention what all precautions need to be taken care while using bath boards and transfer benches?
While using bath boards and transfer benches, following things need to be taken care of
23) Mention for what patient height adjustable shower gurney or lift bath cart with Waterproof top is used?
Height adjustable shower gurney or lift bath cart with Waterproof top is used for a patient who is unable to sit up.
24) Mention how would you classify a pressure sore?
A pressure sore is classified into 4 stages,
25) Mention what is the proper term for an infection that is transmitted during a medical procedure?
The proper term for an infection that is transmitted during a medical procedure is iatrogenic.
26) Mention what is the measurement of the pressure in a patient’s heart during contraction?
During contraction, the measurement of the pressure in a patient’s heart is referred as systolic blood pressure.
27) Mention what is the meaning of assault and battery in CNA practice?
In CNA practice,
28) Mention what is the best way to deal with the irritant patient?
The best way to deal with irritant patient is,
29) Mention what should a CNA must do to assist during a code?
A CNA must do following things to assist during a code,
30) Mention what is the responsibility of a CNA when he is informed about an admission?
The responsibility of a CNA when he is informed about an admission is to,
31) Mention what are some of the types of post-surgical care that a nursing assistant can be asked to provide for patients?
Some of the types of post-surgical care that a nursing assistant can be asked to provide for patients include
32) Mention what are the measure and methods practiced by CNA for handling Urinary drainage bag?
For handling Urinary drainage bag, CNA should practice following steps,
33) Mention how should a CNA must deal resident who has a speech problem?
34) Mention how a CNA can become LN (Licensed Nurse)?
A CNA can become LN (Licensed Nurse),
35) Mention how to record intake and output in a resident or patient?
To record intake and output in a resident or patient, follow the steps below.
36) Mention what is Heimlich maneuver?
Heimlich maneuver is a technique used when a person’s airway get chocked. In this technique you
37) Being a CNA what is the correct way to sign your name?
( P.Jason ,CNA.) is the correct way to sign the name.
38) Mention what is the right way to correct an error made while charting on a resident’s chart?
The right method to correct an error made while charting on a resident’s chart is to draw one line through it, write the words “mistaken entry,” and then initial.
39) While measuring blood pressure what you need to check as a precaution?
As a precaution, while measuring blood pressure, you need to make sure that you don’t take a BP on an arm with an IV.
40) Mention what is a goal of hospice care?
A goal of hospice care is to provide comfort to terminally ill patients and their families
41) How should be a resident in a shower chair should be placed?
A resident in a shower chair should be placed facing the door of the shower stall.
42) Mention what are the complications that can develop due to immobility?
Complications that can develop due to immobility are,
43) Mention whether STNA and CNA are same?
Yes, they both are same “STNA” stands for State Tested Nursing Assistant and “CNA” stands for Certified Nursing Assistant.
44) Explain how to apply wrist and ankle restraint?
To apply wrist and ankle restraint,
Be careful while removing the restraints, because failing to follow them will be considered negligence.
45) Mention how to get the most accurate patient weight?
To get the most accurate patient weight, the nursing assistant should weigh the patient at the same time every day.
46) Being a nurse how you contribute to your patient?
47) What are the duties of a Vocational Nurse?
Duties of Vocational Nurse includes
48) Explain what is the difference between LVN, RN and VN?
RN is a Registered Nurse and more responsible in respect of setting patient care than LVN. While, LVN is a Licensed Vocation Nurse, and can collect data on a patient and carries out clinical duties under the supervision of licensed physician or RN. Both has to pass a national licensing exam- for LVN it is NCLEX-PN and for RNs it is NCLEX-RN. Without holding the certificate of LVN one cannot work as vocational nurse.
49) What are the skills required for a Vocational Nurse?
Skills required for a Vocational Nurse is
50) What are the challenges that nurse have to face?
Some of the challenges that nurse have to face is
51) How to deal with a difficult patient?
To deal with a difficult patient, you have to take following things in consideration
• Don’t just hear patient, listen to them
• Seek the assistance of fellow staff member while dealing with a difficult patient
• Check the history of the patient if he/she is under any psychological treatment
• Report or record any uneven incident from the patient
• Inform the supervisor in case of threat or any abnormal behavior from the patient
• Try to figure out the cause that makes them restless or uncomfortable
52) Where vocational nurse can work?
Vocational nurse can work anywhere in
• In the hospital under supervision of LVN, RN or Doctors
• Community care facilities
• College or community health clinics
• Private homes
• Nursing homes
• Physician offices
• Outpatient care centers
53) Explain how to stay updated with the nursing profession?
To stay updated with the nursing profession, you have to
• Subscribe professional nursing journals and literature like American Journal of Nursing
• Registering with relevant forums and groups
• Attending seminars and vocational training program
• Learn about new technologies used in field online
54) Mention what are the general check-up does vocational nurse have to do?
General observation that vocational nurse have to do are
• Check for the vital sign in a patient, including apical pulse
• Height and Weight
• General appearance of skin and nails
• Hair masses and swelling of the scalp
• Pupil size, shape, symmetry and reaction to light
• Analysis of the lips appearance like color, ulceration, moisture, etc.
• Check inside the mouth like bleeding gums, dental caries, cracked or chipped teeth
• General appearance of the mouth and color of the sclera
• Abdominal tenderness or see for bowel sounds
• Curvature of the spine, posture, gait or motion problems
• Deformities and joint injuries
• Peripheral pulses
• edema and involuntary muscular movements
55) What vocational nurses don’t do?
Vocational nurses may NOT do
• Comprehensive assessments like complete medical analysis
• May not make a medical or nursing diagnosis
• May not assume responsibility for determining nursing interventions for specific patients
• May not independently determine or initiate a course of treatment
• May not perform endotracheal intubation
• May not administer emergency medication intravenously or via endotracheal tube
• May not apply casts
• May not cut a window or bivalve a cast even upon the order of a physician
• May not dispense medication
• May not remove an occlusion by aspiration or other means
• May not initiate or superimpose intravenous fluids into a peripheral site if the infusate contains medications
56) Explain when a vocational nurse can initiate intravenous fluids into a peripheral site?
A vocational nurse can initiate intravenous fluids into a peripheral site when
• LVN holds a valid post license certificate in intravenous therapy
• When the infusate is a solution of vitamins, electrolyte, nutrients, blood or blood products
• When administration is carried out under the supervision of a valid physician order
57) Can vocational nurses do medical screening exam?
The board of nursing of that states determines the practice for nursing. As far as medical screening exam is concerned, it is not under the scope of vocational nurses, regardless of having years of experience. Even if the physician wishes to delegate the assessment of the medical condition, vocational nurse can only perform the task that falls under the act 217.11.
58) Can a vocational nurse administer a sedation drugs?
The regulatory body for nurses does not give permission to vocational nurse to administer sedation drug intravenously or by any other route to the patient. However, regulatory board cannot supervise the physician practice.
59) Can a vocational nurse give directions to the patient on the phone?
Vocational nurse cannot give any direction or suggestion to the patient in an independent environment to safeguard patient.
60) Explain what is the procedure for a nurse to work with radiologic procedures?
The nurse who are willing to or intended to work with radiologic procedure has to register themselves with the regulatory board of that states by filling the form with documents like.
• Current licensure of a registered nurse
• The name and address of the practitioner or director of radiological services under whose guidance the radiologic procedure has to be performed
• Once received confirmation of registration, any change in the information shall be informed in 30 days
• The nurse has to practice according to the regulatory body of the nurse of that state
61) Can LVN nurse pronounce the patient’s death?
An LVN nurse are not allowed to pronounce patient’s death in hospital, however there are different laws for different states, and few facilities allow two RNs to pronounce patient death with a set protocol.
62) How would you deal with a doctor who is rude and demeaning to you?
63) How would you handle patient who complains about everything?
64) What is most rewarding about being a nurse?
The most rewarding about being a nurse is
65) Explain what is the responsibilities of nurses?
Registered nurses primary responsibilities are
66) What is the most challenging part of being nurse?
The most difficult part of being nurse is
67) Where nurse practitioners can provide patient care?
The various field where nurse practitioners can provide their service are
68) Can anyone see a nurse practitioner?
Yes, anyone who are interested in seeing a nurse practitioner can visit by asking their health care provider.
69) Mention the normal blood glucose level?
Normal blood glucose in a healthy person is between 4-8 millimoles per litre.
70) What patient is considered diabetic?
According to WHO, a diabetic person has blood sugar 7millimoles per litre or more and blood glucose after two hours of eating is 11.1 millimoles per litre
71) What are the duties of nursing assistance?
The duties of nursing assistance includes
72) What are hygiene procedures for unconscious patients?
For unconscious patients, nurse has to do following things
73) What are the precaution nurse have to take while bathing patient on bed?
74) What are the methods by which medication can be administered?
Different methods for administering the medication is
75) Explain what are topical drugs?
The topical drugs are applied to the surface area of the body. The two purpose of topical drugs are
76) Explain what is the difference between Intradermal and Intravenous?
77) What are the tips for administering Subcutaneous Injections?
While giving subcutaneous injections
78) What is an air embolism?
An air embolism is a medical term used when any large air bubble trapped in blood vessel. At some instant of time, this air bubble could block the artery and cut off the blood supply to a particular part of the body. Death may occur if large bubble of gas becomes lodged in the heart.
79) What are the different types of burns?
Burns are categorised according to their severity; there are five types of burns
80) Explain what is occlusive dressing?
Occlusive dressing is not used for treating wound for long terms, but it is used to provide immediate control of pressure and to stop bleeding from the wound. It provides a barrier between the wound and contamination agent like air and water.
81) Explain what is a skin graft?
Skin graft is a surgery where a fresh layer of skin from patient body is cut and placed it over the damaged skin of the patient. This method is usually used in treating patient having third-degree burn.