1) Should teenagers take a vitamin supplement to meet their energy level up?
It is useless to give a vitamin supplement unless the teenager is on a low-calorie diet. It is always preferable to take vitamin organically from fruits, vegetables and healthy fats.
2) What proportion of meal is best for a teenager? 3 large meals over a day or a 6 small meals a day?
Teenager’s metabolism is higher than an adult; it is advisable to give them a small meal at regular interval rather than large meals at longer duration. It will help them to keep their energy level high all day and prevent them overeating at meals.
3) Explain what is BMR?
BMR means Basal Metabolic Rate; it is an energy expressed in calories that the body requires to keep it functioning at rest.
4) What should be a daily diet for a patient with Type 1 diabetes?
Diabetes type 1 diet should include
5) What should be diet of a person who wants to lose weight?
To lose weight diet should be-
6) What is the formula to calculate BMR (Basal Metabolic Rate)?
The Harris benedict equation
7) Explain what is the difference between dietician and nutritionist?
The role of both nutritionist and dietician are same, they both are healthcare professionals and give vital information on healthy eating habits and dietary supplements, dietician can be a nutritionist but not all nutritionist are dieticians. Dietician are registered and nationally recognized while nutritionist is more general.
8) What is the best vegetable to eat?
All fresh vegetables are best for your diet; it comprises of all essential nutrients like fiber, potassium, folic acid, vitamin A, vitamin C and most important range of anti-oxidant, which can reduce the risk of cancer.
9) Is meat bad for good health?
Meat is an excellent source of protein, iron and other essential nutrients. However it should be roasted or grilled instead of frying to derive maximum health benefits.
10) If you don’t drink milk because of lactose intolerance where you can get calcium?
If you are not consuming milk due to lactose intolerance, you can get calcium from fat-free cheese and yogurt, canned sardines, orange juice and cereals.
11) Explain what is good and bad fat?
Fat is classified in two categories, saturated and unsaturated. Un-saturated fat is healthy and reduces the risk of heart disease while saturated and trans fat are bad and increase the risk of the heart ailment.
12) List out saturated and unsaturated food items?
13) Explain what is the most important point to remember in nutrition?
The most important thing in nutrition is moderation and diversity. One must consume all type of foods and in moderate amount, not in excess.
14) How much water should an individual consumer per day?
15) What is the good source of iron?
The absorption rate of iron from meat, poultry and fish are higher than iron from plants, in order to get maximum absorption of iron, along with iron rich food you have to take vitamin c like citrus fruits or yogurt.
16) Why Anti-oxidants are important for your body?
Antioxidants are substance that may protect cells in your body from free radicals. Free radicals can damage your tissue cells; it is formed when your body or tissue cells are exposed to certain chemicals, pollution, radiation, etc.
17) What are dietary Antioxidants?
Dietary antioxidants comprise of Selenium, Vitamin A and related Carotenoids, Vitamin C and E.
18) Do calcium supplements interfere with medications?
Calcium does interact with several medication in different ways like antibiotics, diuretics, laxatives, etc. It will have an effect on the absorption process of medication or vice versa. It is always advisable to take physician advice on its intake and at what duration you can have it.
19) Is it ok to replace medication with food supplement like replacing cholesterol medication with niacin?
Niacin is B3 vitamin (egg, peanut, milk) which has a tendency to reduce blood cholesterol, but you are already on medication that is reducing cholesterol, you should not replace it with high intake of vitamin B3 or Niacin.
20) What should a PKU diet be?
PKU is a genetic disorder called Phenylketonuria. It lacks the enzyme which converts phenylalanine amino acid into tyrosine amino acid, resulting in accumulation of phenylalanine. Excess phenylalanine causes brain damage, so children who have PKU should avoid protein rich food.
21) Explain what is the intake of protein in diabetic?
About 15- 20% of your daily calorie should come from protein. However, a diabetic patient won’t have any difference in their sugar level with high intake of protein, so they can consume food rich protein unless they have CKD (Chronic Kidney Disease) related to diabetes.
22) Explain which egg is more nutritious white or brown?
Both eggs has same nutritional value; they are rich in protein, vitamin and most important nutrient choline which is responsible for brain development and function. One egg may provide half of your daily requirement of choline.
23) Explain how type 2 diabetes can be avoided?
Type 2 diabetes can be avoided by
24) Do peach pit contain cyanide?
Peach pit do contain cyanide in the form of cyanogen glycosides, one hundred gram of moist peach seed contain 88 mg of cyanide. So if you eat whole pit you would consume around 9 milligram of cyanide in the form of amygdalin that is less poisonous.
25) Mention what is the balanced diet of an adult should be comprised of on a single day?
On a single day, balanced diet of an adult should comprise of
26) Explain what dietary fibre is and list out some of the good source of dietary fibres?
Dietary fibre is composed of an edible parts of plants that can neither be absorbed nor digested by the small intestine and moves into the large intestine intact.
Some of the good sources of dietary fibre includes
27) Mention what are the main advantages of using dietary fibre daily?
The advantages of using dietary fibre are
28) List out some of the dietary minerals included in our daily intake?
Some of the minerals included in our daily intake includes
29) What is GMO and what are the pros and cons of the GMO food?
GMO stands for genetically modified foods, this type of food is artificially bred under supervision to yield a food with desire quantity and quality.
30) Is it good to avoid fat for weight loss?
It depends on what type of fat you are avoiding, if you are avoiding saturated fats than its good. Otherwise, it may show adverse effect as fat are equally important for functioning of the body. It is scientifically proved that 35% of your daily calorie should come from the fat (virgin olive oil, nuts, seeds and natural nut butters).
31) What should be the intake of vegetables for non-vegetarian?
Although, meat and eggs have their benefits, it is necessary to include some vegetables to your non-veg table. To have a complete diet, non-vegetarian should include at least five to six plant-based meals a week by using lentils, beans or organic tofu as your protein source.
32) List out some of the sources of anti-oxidant?
Anti-oxidant eliminates toxin present in our body, some of the rich sources of anti-oxidant are
33) What are the benefits of spices in food?
Spices not only adds taste to our food, but also give nutritional value
34) When dietary supplements can be harmful to an individual?
Dietary supplement can be harmful in following conditions