1) Explain what is Log4j?
Log4j is a fast, flexible and reliable logging framework written in Java developed in early 1996. It is distributed under the Apache software license and can be used for small to large scale projects. It has been ported to the languages like C, C++, C#, Python, etc.
2) Explain why to use Apache Log4j?
- Being open-source its completely free to use.
- You can easily save log information into either files or even databases.
- Can be used for projects of any sizes small or large.
3) Mention what are the three principal components of Log4j?
The three principal components of Log4j are
4) Inside logger component what are the different log levels?
Different log levels inside logger components are
5) Explain what are Appenders in Log4j?
Appenders are used to deliver LogEvents to their destination. In simple words, it is used to write the logs in the file.
6) Mention what are the different types of Appenders?
Some of the Appenders type include
- ConsoleAppender logs to standard output
- FileAppender prints logs to some file
- Rolling file appender to a file with maximum size
7) Explain what is layouts in log4j?
Layout in log4j is responsible for formatting logging information in different styles.
8) Mention what are the two static methods for obtaining a logger object?
The two static methods for obtaining a logger object are
- Public static Logger getRootLogger()
- Public static Logger getLogger(String name)
9) Mention what are the other support objects in Log4j?
There are other support objects in Log4j framework they are
- Level Object
- Filter Object
- Object Renderer
- Log Manager
10) How log4j file is defined?
Log4j file is defined by the name log4j.properties, it keeps properties in key-value pairs. By default, the log manager looks for a file name log4j.properties in the CLASSPATH.
11) Explain what is the command to write your logging information into a file?
To write your logging information into a file, you would need to use a command org.apache.log4j.FileAppender
12) Mention what are the logging methods provided by logger class?
Logger class provides a variety of methods to handle logging activities. To obtain a logger object it provides two static methods
- Public static logger getRootLogger();
- Public static logger getLogger(String name);
13) In log4j how can you log into the database?
14) Explain whether log4j is a thread safe?
Log4j is a thread safe, log4j components are built to be used in multithread systems.
15) Explain whether a log output format can be customized?
Yes, you can extend the layout class to create your own customized log format. Appenders can be parameterized to use the layout of your choice.
16) Explain what are the system properties checked by log4j?
The system properties checked by log4j are
- Log4j debug, if true, log4j will show internal debugging messages to the console
- defaultInitOverride, if true, log4j will not execute default initialization
- configuration, URL for default initialization configuration file
- configurationClass, Class name for configurator to execute default initialization configuration file
- ignoreTCL, if true, the thread class loader will be overlooked when loading classes
17) Mention what is the role of filter in log4j?
Filter objects in log4j decide whether logging request should be handled by a particular Appender or ignored.
18) Explain how can you get multiple processes to log to the same file?
You may have each process log to a socket Appender. The receiving socket server can receive all the events and send them to a single log file.
19) Mention what is the difference between Threshold and LevelRangeFilter in log4j?
Both Threshold and LevelRangeFilter does the same thing. However threshold should be faster. Filters enable you to implement your own logic, and you can also link them together if required. If you need a basic threshold functionality, then “threshold” function will be enough.
20) Mention what does .class mean in log4j context?
In log4j context, .class is used to get the full name of your class and that string is used to configure this logger object. For example,
21) Explain what is package level logging in log4j?
Package level logging is the standard logging of log4j, with this you would determine the package and the associated level.
22) Explain what does WARN and TRACE level indicates in log4j?
Log4j level WARN gives a warning about an unpredicted event to the user. The messages coming out of this level may not stop the progress of the system. The TRACE level provides more detailed information than the DEBUG level, and it will stay on the top of the hierarchy.
23) Explain what are the format characters used in log4j?
The format characters used in log4j are
- L- it is used to output the line number from where the logging request was processed or issued
- m- It is used to output the application supplied message related with the logging event
- p-It is used to output the priority of the logging event
- C- It is used to output the class name of the caller issuing the logging request
When any number is used along with the character it means the priority of the logging event should be justified to a width of 4 characters.
24) Mention what is the best way to migrate from java.util logging to log4j?
The best way to migrate from java.util logged to log4j is to use global file search/replace method. It will replace with “org.apache.log4j.Logger”
25) Explain why do you get multiple copies of the message in log file sometime?
There could be two reasons why this may happen
- Repeated configuration of log4j
- Attaching the same appenders to multiple loggers