Top 20 Electrical Engineering Interview Questions and Answers

Here are the most asked basic to advanced Electrical Engineering interview questions and answers for freshers as well as experienced Electrical Engineer candidates to get their dream job.

1) What happens when two positively charged material is placed together?

When two positively charged material place together it will repel.

2) What is referred to the electron in the outer orbit?

Electron in the outer orbit is known as valence.

3) Define the term Capacitance and Inductance?

• Capacitance: It is the amount of charge that is stored inside a capacitor at a given voltage.
• Inductance: It is defined as the property of a coil to resist any changes in electric current flowing through it. Mutual inductance happens when a secondary coil opposes current change in the primary coil.

4) Mention what is the difference between generator and alternator?

Both generator and alternator work on the same principle they convert mechanical energy into electrical energy.

• Generator: It converts induced emf (Electro Motive Force) into direct current, where it based on stationary magnetic field and revolving conductor which rolls on the armatures with slip rings and brushes riding against each other.
• Alternator: It has rotating magnetic and stationary armature for high voltage and stationary magnetic field and a rotating armature for low voltage

5) Mention what are the different kind of cables used for transmissions?

Cables are categorized into three forms according to its thermal capacity

• Low tension cables- transmits voltage upto 1000 volts
• High tension cables- transmits voltage up to 23000 volts
• Super tension cables- transmits voltage up to 66kv to 132kv

6) Mention what are the different colors on wires indicates?

This is a must know question for any good Electrical Engineer

• Black wire: This wire is used for power supply in all circuits. Any circuits with this color is considered hot or live. It is never used for a neutral or ground wire.
• Red wire: This color wire is a secondary live wire in a 220 volt circuit and used in some types of interconnection. You can join the red wire to another red wire or to a black wire
• Blue and Yellow wire: These wires are also used to carry power but are not wiring the outlets for common plug-in electrical devices. They are used for the live wire pulled through the conduct. You will see yellow wire in the fan, structure lights, and switched outlets.
• White and Gray: This color wire is used as a neutral wire. It carries the current (unbalanced load) to the ground. You can join white and gray only to other white and gray wires
• Green: It is connected to the grounding terminal in an outlet box and run from the outlet box to the ground bus bar within an electric panel

7) Explain RLC circuit?

An RLC circuit carries an electrical circuit consisting of a resistor (R) and inductor (L) and a capacitor (C), connected in parallel or series. This circuit is called a second order circuit as any voltage or current in the circuit can be described by a second order differential equation.

8) Explain how you decide what size of electrical wire do you need?

Wire is sized by American Wire Gauge system. Your installation of conductors will depend on a few factors like gauge of the wire, wire capacity, etc. For wires, smaller the wire gauge larger the ampacity or capacity of the wire to handle current. For example, low voltage lighting and lamp cords will have 18 gauge, electric furnaces or large electric heaters are of 6 gauge.

9) Mention what are the types of semi-conductors?

There are two types of semi-conductors intrinsic and extrinsic. Again in extrinsic semi-conductors you will have N-type semiconductors and P-type semiconductors.

10) Explain what is transistors comprised of?

Transistors are comprised of several combination of n-type and p-type semi-conductors.

11) Mention what is the role of transistor in Circuit?

Transistor has the ability to amplify the current, due to the reason that output power can be higher than the input power.

12) Mention how NPN and PNP transistor works?

In a circuit when NPN is used,

• No current flowing from A to D = No flow from X to Z
• Current flowing from A to D = Current allowed to flow from X to Z

When PNP is used,

• No current flowing from A to D = Current is allowed to flow from X to Z
• Current flowing from A to D = No current flow from X to Z

13) What will be the current if the resistance total in a series circuit doubles?

If the resistance total in a series circuit doubles the current will reduce to half.

14) What happens if the series current double?

If the series current gets double then, the resistance is halved.

15) Explain what does a string of resistors in a series will do?

When a string of resistors in a series will divide the source voltage into proportion to their values.

16) What is meant by reverse polarity and how it can be fixed?

Reverse polarity is referred in a condition where one or more of your receptacles are connected incorrectly. To fix the reverse polarity, check the wire connection at the outlet and inspect your receptacle. A receptacle with reverse polarity will have the white wire screwed to the hot side and the black wire will be connected to the neutral side, if that the case swap the wires and it will resolves the problem. If it persists, a licensed electrician will be needed.

17) Explain what rectifiers is and what are the types of rectifiers?

A rectifier is an electrical device that transforms A.C  or alternating current into direct current (D.C), which flows in only one direction. The types of rectifiers are

• Half wave rectifier: It uses one p-n junction
• Full wave rectifier: It uses two p-n junction

18) Explain what is Zener diode?

Zener diode is a type of seme-conductor diode that allows current to flow in the opposite direction when exposed to enough voltage.

19) Mention the difference between Analogue and Digital circuit?

 Analogue Digital These circuits operate on continuous valued signals No conversion of the input signal required before transmitting, the circuit directly executes various logical operations and produces an analogue output There is no probability of losing any information as there is no conversion Analogue lacks flexibility These circuits operate on the signal which exist at two level 0’s and 1’s Before the signal is transmitted, it is converted into digital form. During signal conversion, amount of information is lost Digital circuits anticipate high flexibility

20) Explain what is laser diodes?

Laser diodes are compact transistor like packages with two or more electrical leads. Lasing occurs when stimulated emission results into the amplification of photon confined to the lasing mode.  These photons hit back and forth between the back and front mirror, and hence a diverging beam emits from the laser diode packages.

These interview questions will also help in your viva(orals)

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1. Manjula says:

It’s a very good and very basic questions that we have to know….Thank you…..

1. Ramakrishnan says:

Thanks for sharing snd good information

1. Gerard Moran says:

Doublepolesw.&circultbreaker

2. Ariyan sethi says:

thanks you sir…always give this type of question

1. Nrusingha biswal says:

Sir electrical per job kon sa hai

1. Haruna G Yahaya says:

That’s very good and important question we support to know thank you very much sir

3. Darren J Wells says:

It’s outstanding!!

4. Haruna G Yahaya says:

That’s very good and important question we support to know thank you very much sir

2. Menzi Ndwandwe says:

I want a learnership of electrical engineering I complete my N6

3. Brijendra Kumar Sen says:

It’s best site preparing Electrical Engineer for placement .

4. VAMPIT says:

nice article

5. Azhar says:

Very nice questi6

6. Vidya Gupta says:

Nice question

7. mansoor says:

I have 4 amp dc fan can i run this fan through 3.5 amp charger

I will be thankful to you
Regards

1. Athanasius Emmanuel says:

In practical terms, it is possible because the charger is within acceptable tolerance (- or + 1). The only disadvantage you will encounter is that it will take a little longer time to get charged than the actual rated 4amp charger.

2. Ramgouda says:

U can run .

Good questions ….I really like this

4. Surinder says:

Yes but potential should be high of charger I.e. V

5. Saivignesh says:

yes you can. Not only 3.5.. even you can run it with 2 amp source also but the point here is whether you want to run it on it’s full speed (rated speed) or just to run it. If you want the rated speed then you have to use the rated capacity source to achieve rated speed. Voltage also plays major role in speed.. only u use 4amp charger with less voltage source ( lesser than rated) you can’t get the desired speed.

6. Ajeet Dubey says:

Yes it will run with speed slowed down but ensure the voltage is same.

7. Benlin says:

Yes absolutely

8. Rajasekaran says:

Very nice questions are prepared.It is very useful for those who remember as well as new comer in electrical fields.

9. JASPREET SINGH says:

Very good questions….

10. Prasanna kumar M E says:

Vv good questions sir
Tq?

11. Anji says:

Basics are important, without this we can’t understand subject ok thanks

12. Yashwanth says:

Nice questions for better improvement of basics

13. Samson says:

I like so interesting ?

14. mayur says:

The black wire details are wrong. It should be used for nuetral or ground, but in above infomation its given never used.

15. sakthivel says:

super bro

16. Sreenath v Bestha says:

Basic knowledge for electrical & electronics engineers

17. viswajeet says:

Thank you so much for providing this kind of basic question.

Request you to provide more question with answers.

18. Virupaksha says:

I like

19. Bharath B says:

Simple & good

Best?? carrier question And answer?thanks you SO much ?

21. Atinkut.T says:

22. Nkosingiphile says:

Great questions

23. Ramya says:

Nice questions

24. Priyanka says:

Nice sir

25. Apamaku Ismail says:

Wonderful it has sharpened my brain

26. Mamatha says:

It’s nice and useful questions for us..
Thank you for that..

27. Ramandeep Singh says:

Thanks ?

28. Navya boggula says:

Really I was very useful as these questions are very basic especially for the interview purpose

29. A shigal says:

Its a very very splendid and basic question that we have to know.. Ty so much

30. Mayur Pawar says:

Thank you very much sir, for this important interview questions.

1. Muchimba Jeroty says:

Wonderful article and very nice questions and answers

31. Mayur Pawar says:

Thank you very much sir, for this important interview questions..

32. Tejeswar Pattnaik says:

Very good topic

33. otswere samuel says:

Very nice question and answer love it

34. Jitendra mohapatra says:

Jk.

35. M B Joseph Gerald says:

Good morning,
This is a useful page to me. I learn many things related to Electrical and Electronics Engineering.
Thank you.

36. Neelam Motghare says:

Very short brief and good revisions…

37. Sunil S says:

Most of useing the black color wire for Neutral in low volt or in medium voltage

38. Anthony says:

Nice question

39. Arun D ganvit says:

It is not good question ..

40. Walde says:

Very understood and brief.
Good explanation

41. Kamal kishor Kumar says:

42. Tippu says:

It’s good to recall the basic things

43. Ramu L says:

These all questions and answers are briefly simple……..Thank you

44. ANUP KUMAR says:

Very nice question

45. Muniyandi says:

I studied blak wire is nueral red wire is live green wire is earthing and red yellow blue also live wires in three phase system.

46. Akande dare femi says:

47. Anwarul Hoque Mazumder says:

Tnx for sharing good & basic knowledg.

48. Mazid khan says:

Wow. I like it .

I like this site very much, because there alot of information s here.for me this site is the best.Thank you management

50. Nabakumar Malick says:

good tiching

51. Black Hat says:

Love this? super da

52. Black Hat says:

Wow

53. Kavya says:

Help fill

54. Hussain says:

Tnks for the basic tips it is very helpful for interview

55. SATISH SINGH says:

56. Mahesh T says:

generator explanation is wrong

57. Ramesh says:

Tq for supporting in big help

58. Ricardo Cardo says:

thank you for sharing such important info

Nice question 6

60. Kayode victor says:

Wow! Very impresive. Keep the good work.

Very nice

62. Mansoor Khan says:

useful info for interview and also basic for electrical Engineering

63. Benjamin William says:

It really helps. Need some more interview questions n answers.

64. Archana jha says:

Thanks for the information

65. Daniel says:

66. Mohamed Bilal says:

Sir I have a question!
That is about AC 220 10A 8pin relay

Can you please explain why my relay gets much heat 70°c some time its up toooo .

I just connect relay side by side around 5 relay .
All are producing much temperature.
So I just checke my coil input voltage that also fine.
So I couldn’t understand what the reason for much heat producing?

When I separately connect my relay it doesn’t do like this.but when I connect all to geather side by side it’s try to burn ..I think so.

Thanks

67. Edward says:

Its very good

Good source

69. Dele Giwa says:

Thanks so much I really love all

70. Sammy says:

Wah thanks very much but i have a question..why Are primary cells not rechargeable

71. Firibon Hanbisa Wakuma says:

Wow it’s really amazing question

72. SATHISH.ML says:

sir plz L&T interview questions ans sir plz sir next week interview sir please give me sir

73. Md Aftab Alam says:

I am an electrician pls help me to learn completely.

74. Bikal says:

I have a rechargeable head-torch with 2 x LI-ION 18650 3.7v 2200mAh batteries. Can I change the batteries to higher mAh batteries? What are the risk factors, I need to be aware of?

75. Shazeeahmed says:

Nice informative questions I like it. Thank you.

76. Get says:

Super and brief explanation…..